The rising emergence of politics in India and worldwide had quite the impact and influence for so long. To this date, politics has become one of the most predominant factors of the world. Now, politics all over the world is a vast topic to cover. Today, we will focus on one nation and one of the major parts of politics- Communalism in India. To discuss anything about communal politics in India, we need to go back in time and re-visit history. Only that can give us an idea about the strong emergence of Communalism in this country.
Understanding Communal Politics in detail
We all know that different religions are existing in this world. When religion is used in politics and represented as something superior to all other religions, we call it communal politics. In this case, one particular religious group tends to be entirely against all other groups of religion. Even the demand of one group is completely different from the demands of the other religious parties. In Communalism, people believe in the idea that only religion is the basis to form a particular community.
So, the followers who fall under one religion can form the very basis of that religious community. The ideas, opinions, and interests of this community happen to be the same. People who are a part of a different religion can never belong to the same community as the other religion. Their demands and ideas must be completely different and opposite. Sometimes, during extreme Communalism, people of one religion might also believe that the people of other religions cannot be considered equal citizens. They are not even allowed to live together in one nation.
The emergence of Communalism in India
The policy of divide and rule and the stagnant economy during the British rule were the two major factors for the emergence and growth of communal politics in India. The stagnant economy, especially during that time, was quite deeply rooted in this country. It became the expression of all the aspirations and interests of the middle-class community in a particular social setup. In this setup, their opportunities were quite insufficient and inadequate. Communalism was mostly introduced as a weapon of politically and economically reactionary social class individuals and the political forces.
Many major communal parties and leaders were allied with these forces and social classes. Their interests encouraged communal politics due to its ability to divert and distort popular struggle. These communal parties also encouraged the classes to prevent them from understanding the major and real issues. The main motive of the British government was to use Communalism to weaken and counter the developing national movement. A distorted and communal view of the Indian history of both the ancient and medieval period was responsible for the massive growth and emergence of communal politics.